Herniated Disc

You may not be able to pinpoint a specific event that caused your disc to rupture. Though it can follow a single, traumatic event, disc herniation is usually the result of a gradual, age-related, degenerative process.

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Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis refers to the shrinking or narrowing of the spinal canal. The reduction in the size of the spinal canal can be congenital (present at birth) but is more common as a developmental problem (meaning it occurs as we grow older.)

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Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are conditions that affect the articulating joint (pars interarticularis) of the spine’s facet joint. Treatment options include physical therapy to strengthen the muscles surrounding the area.

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Spondylosis (Spinal Osteoarthritis) is defined as arthritis that affects the spine. Symptoms may range from mild to severe. Spondylosis may affect the Cervica (neck), thoracic (mid-back) or lumbar (low back) regions of the spine.

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